read text1 and text2 then write the summary。

Analytical Summary 2 (450-550 words)

In an analytical summary, you analyze sources as a text, which means you view an article as something written by a person and not just a collection of facts and information.  As you write your summary, you need to imagine an audience that is interested in our class topic but that has not read this article.  Use your analysis of this text to teach your audience about the main claims put forward by their authors.


In 450-550 words, you won’t be able to tell your reader about every single thing the article says and does, so you will need to be selective and think about your audience and purpose.  You can organize your essay according to the following guidelines:

·       Part 1: Create an introduction that contains

o   the article title and the author’s name,

o   the issue, situation, or problem that caused the author to conduct this research and write this article,

o   the scope of the paper, the object of study, and the driving questions,

    • the key concepts the author advances, and
    • the evidence offered to develop those key concepts.


  • Part 2:  Now that you’ve given an overview of the article, you can now situate this text in relation to our other foundational text. To do so, you might consider the following:
    • How does this source expand your understanding of the course theme also raised in our first foundational text?
    • How does this source challenge or counter arguments made in our first text?
    • What new concepts, content, or ways of knowing does this article offer?


  • Part 3:  Now that you’ve examined both foundational texts in relation to each other, try to relate them to your object of study.  To do so, you might consider the following:

o   How might either foundational text relate to your object of study?

o   What information in either foundational text could you imagine using in a paper about your object of study?

o   What existing scholarship mentioned in either foundational text might be worth investigating further?


  • Part 4:  Finally, include a reference page with a full reference citation to each foundational text.